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All Grammar Points

Grammar and Structures List for the Elementary Level Examination.

Click on the GP for explanations and exercises.

Grammar and Structures What are they used for? Some examples
VERBS
GP 20
>>>Future simple ÔÇôwill
1st conditional ÔÇô with ÔÇÿifÔÇÖ clause present and result clause will/wonÔÇÖt
Talking about future plans.
Talking about future plans which have conditions on them
What will you do when you are older?
If it rains, we won't go to the park.
Future of intention ÔÇÿbe going toÔÇÖ Talking about future intentions I'm going to see a film this evening.

GP 5c
>>>Past continuous - when, while

Talking about past activities which were interrupted I was having my breakfast when the postman knocked. While I was studying, he played loud music.
GP 16
>>> Used to
Talking about long past habits and states My father used to work in an office.
My sister used to have long hair.
GP 9
>>> Modals ÔÇôshould, must
Expressing obligation and advice You must study hard if you want to go to university.
You mustn't worry about it.
You should always lock your car.

GP 21
>>> I would rather + non finite verb

Both of these in contracted forms too: I'd better, he'd better, we'd rather etc

Expressing preference and advice I would rather eat fish than meat.
You had better take an umbrella or you'll get wet.
Infinitive of purpose Talking about the purpose of doing something Jane went to America to learn English
GP 22
>>> QUESTION TAGS
IsnÔÇÖt he? ArenÔÇÖt you? Do you? Etc Asking for confirmation of a negative or positive statement or inviting an answer to a question You are coming to my party, aren't you?
You haven't seen my car keys, have you?
GP 23
>>>  RELATIVE PRONOUNS
Which, who, that Identifying people and objects This is the best cake that I have ever eaten.
Jack is the one who is sitting at the back of the class.
GP 24
>>> REFLEXIVE PRONOUNS
Myself, himself, herself, etc. Identify people and objects He hurt himself.
GP 13 >>> ADVERBS

Adverbs of frequency, e.g. never, sometimes;
adverbs of manner, e.g. quietly, slowly; adverbs of time, e.g. today, now.
Adverbs of degree, e.g. a lot, a little (and associated word order)
Simple modal adverbs e.g. possibly, probably, perhaps
Adverbs of sequence e.g. first, finally, next, then,

Describing how often, how, when and to what extent people do something. Indicating degree of possibility. Ordering events and understanding instructions and directions. I have never flown in a plane.
At the moment, the children are playing in the park.
The children walked home slowly.
He is probably in his room.
First, I had my breakfast.
Go down the road and then straight on.

GP 28 >>>PHRASAL VERBS

Prepositions as used in some very common phrasal verbs and prepositional phrases. You must put on a hat if you go out in the sun. I am very fond of my pets.
The contrast of too/enough Talking about the extent of something The student isn't trying hard enough, he never does his homework.
The student is trying too hard, he will make himself ill.
GP 7
>>> PREPOSITIONS
Prepositions as used in some very common phrasal verbs* and prepositional phrases*. You must put on a hat if you go out in the sun.
I am very fond of my pets.
INTENSIFIERS
e.g. really, quite, so, very Indicating degree. It is really hot today.
SPOKEN DISCOURSE
Markers e.g. right, well. Use of substitution. Structuring conversation.
Responding appropriately.
Right, has everyone got a book? I think so. I hope so.
FORMAL IDENTIFICATION
First name, surname, age, date of birth, address, postcode, country, nationality. Coping in formal situations especially when filling in forms. Date of Birth: 30.10.78